How does the Riot Start?

It was said that a saffron flag was flying atop a tree in Bhivandi and somebody hoisted a green flag on the same tree at a higher level, sparking of riots in Bhivandi in 1984.  I had held charge of the communal branch in CID intelligence wing.  I had tried to find out the causes of communal riots in Maharashtra.  In one riot it was said that a Muslim cyclist collided with a Hindu women vegetable vendor, leading to the riot.  In another case a Hindu girl eloped with a Muslim youth and this caused the communal riot. 

Hence some persons concluded that had the police confiscated all flags, the 1984 riot would have been averted.  In the second case, if all the cycles of the Muslim were taken away, there would not have been a riot.  In third case, it can be argued, that the parents should have kept a watch on their daughter & prevented her love affair!  Obviously all the three causes mentioned above are very superficial.  There is a saying that the last straw breaks the back of the camel.  Obviously, it is not the single straw, but the cumulative load of the bunch of straws that breaks the back of the camel. The communal tension had already accumulated over a period of time.  The breaking point was reached in 1984.

The hoisting of the green flag higher than saffron flag was the last straw. In a town like Bhivandi, the communal tension level is high even in peacetime.  The history, the animosity, prejudices, and the memories of previous riots lead to constant tension.  If communal tension weren’t allowed to build up, stray incidents would not result in a riot even in a town like Bhivandi.  The Police force does not think on these lines.
The various schemes that I implemented in Bhivandi were with the aim to contain the communal tension during peacetime.  I invented and successfully implemented the following two important innovative schemes in Bhivandi to avert communal riots. 

1) One day is yours, the rest are ours.

2) Mohalla Peace Committee.